Virtual or electronic money PAIR à PAIR, for example BITCOIN

When was the first time you came across the term « bitcoin »?

  • 11 April 2013 : the value of the bitcoin dropped from 266 to 105$ and settled at 160$ in less than 6 hours.
  • 5th of December 2013 : The central chinese bank prohibited all local banks from all transactions using Bitcoin.
  • 11th February 2014 : Bitcoin trading platforms were massively under attack.
  • 24th of February 2104 : The managing director of the main platform Mt Gox, resigned from the Bitcoin foundation. From Mid february onwards, following the discovery of a bug, cash withdrawals were suspended. On the 25th of February, Mt. Gox’s website was a blank page…

What is Bitcoin?


  • Electronic money « pair à pair » and decentralised, works thanks to its users, without a central authority or intermediary.
  • Validation of transactions and generation of money based upon the principles of cryptography.
  • Payment system without a centralised infrastructure taking into account amounts held in order to ensure the transactions.


  • The software provides a personal portfolio allowing a user to send and recieve Bitcoins.
  • The network shares a large accounting book named « block chains ». It contains each processed transaction allowing a users computer to verify the validity of each transaction.
  • the mining: anyone can process transactions by using the computing power of specialized equipment and earn a return reward for this service.



  • Send and recieve any sum of money instantaneously, anywhere in the world at any time.
  • Payments using BITCOIN are currently handled for free or at a very low cost. BITCOIN transactions are secure and irreversible.
  • BITCOIN payments are carried out without any personal information linked to the transaction.


  • High volatility and low adoption levels. No legal guarantee for refunding at any time and at the nominal value.
  • By its own self, Bitcoin promotes the bypassing of rules related to the struggle against capital money laundering and the financing of terrorism.
  • An important legal risk related to its status of being a non regulated money.

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